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Westmorland Primary School

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Model Policy


October 2016





At Westmorland school we are committed to working with children, staff, governors and parents/carers to create a school community where bullying is not tolerated. 


We define bullying as:


‘Behaviour by an individual or a group, usually repeated over time, where an imbalance of power is used to intentionally hurt another either physically or emotionally.’



We believe that:


  • All bullying is unacceptable irrespective of how it happens and/or what excuses are given in an attempt to justify it.
  • We must investigate all incidents of bullying and take action where necessary, supporting both the bully and the victim at all times.
  • Children who bully must be held to account for their wrongdoing, but may need support to change their attitudes and behaviour.
  • All inappropriate language that perpetuates attitudes underpinning bullying behaviour must be challenged at all times.
  • Everyone in our school has a responsibility to respond promptly and effectively to all instances of bullying.
  • We must communicate with parents/carers regarding any concerns about bullying and deal promptly with complaints.
  • All our children must feel safe and be confident that any reported incidents will be dealt with effectively by all responsible adults.
  • It is important to focus upon preventing bullying behaviours in school.



Identifying and supporting vulnerable children


We work closely in school to identify particularly vulnerable groups, perhaps minority ethnic groups, travellers, refugees, LGBT pupils, midterm arrivals, pupils who transfer late into the school, children or young people in care, young carers, teenage parents and those with other special needs who may find it more difficult to make or sustain friendships.


As a school we plan positive action to support these pupils with all relevant staff members and provide additional support where necessary, for example peer support through buddy schemes and help them access clubs and out of school provision.









Who is bullied?


Anybody could be subject to bullying at any time in their life. It is not only something that affects children and young people



These are some factors that can make people vulnerable:


Types of Bullying



There a various types of bullying which can be summarised as:



  • Racist and faith based – name calling, derogatory assumptions or generalisations about race, culture, religious faiths and beliefs


  • Homophobic – based on actual or perceived sexual orientation, and can include name calling, exclusion and gestures, negative stereotyping based on sexual orientation, using ‘gay’ as a negative term, warning others about a person, graffiti, etc.


  • Appearance – based on weight, size, hair colour, unusual physical features


  • Sexual – touching, repeated exhibitionism, voyeurism, sexual propositioning, verbal personal comment or deviant desires communicated


  • Disability – name calling, exclusion, talking over a person, mimicking, physical overpowering (e.g. moving a wheelchair), laughing at a difficulty


  • Health – based on physical or mental conditions


  • Income based – of living on a low income


  • Transgender – based on perception of gender identity


  • Caring responsibilities - name calling, negative assumptions/misunderstandings about young carers



Who is bullied?


Anybody could be subject to bullying at any time in their life. It is not only something that affects children.


A person is bullied when, either as an individual or part of a group, she or he suffers in any way from the direct result of intentional and persistent harassment and/or victimisation by another individual or group.


A person who has been bullied may commonly find it difficult to combat victim behaviour or report their experiences to those who may be able to help them.


Children and young people who are at most increased risk of being the victims or perpetrators of bullying are those who:


• are in foster care or residential homes (looked after children)

• have specific special educational needs (especially on the autistic spectrum)

• have a disability or impairment

• are from minority ethnic backgrounds

• are refugees or asylum seekers

• start a school or activity group mid term

• are, or are perceived to be, gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender or questioning of their sexuality or gender

• speak a first language other than English

• are young carers

• have suffered bereavement

• have suffered domestic violence

• have experienced physical or emotional trauma

• have a parent that was a victim of bullying.






Methods of bullying:


There are a number of methods of bullying which can be summarised as:


• Physical aggression – hitting, kicking, tripping up, spitting, taking or damaging property, use of threat or force in any way, intimidation or demands for money or goods

• Verbal – name calling, insulting, teasing, ‘jokes’, mocking, taunting, gossiping, secrets, threats. Reference to upsetting events e.g. bereavement, divorce, being in care


• Non-verbal – staring, body language, gestures


• Indirect – excluding, ostracising, rumours and stories, emails, chat rooms, messaging phones, notes, inappropriate gestures


• Cyber – text messaging, internet chat rooms, , burn pages (on Facebook), , the misuse of camera or video facilities offensive questions (on, nasty inbox messages


  • that underpins any type of bullying behaviour as listed above must be challenged at all times.


We acknowledge that some acts of bullying will constitute a criminal offence and in these cases other organisations will need to be contacted e.g. the Police or Social Care


Possible indicators of bullying include:


We recognise that the following behaviours may suggest someone is being bullied.  However we also recognise that the list is not exhaustive.


  • disturbed sleep
  • bed-wetting
  • head and stomach aches
  • problems with concentration,
  • changes in behaviour and attitude
  • truanting
  • bullying other children
  • damaged or missing clothes / money / property,
  • asking for more money than usual or stealing money
  • withdrawn or changes in their usual behaviour patterns or attitude
  • distressed or emotional and finds it hard to articulate their feelings
  • changes in their eating patterns
  • changes in their online activity
  • shows evidence of self-harming or even for extreme cases  potential suicide
  •  is unusually tired without a reasonable explanation
  •  has unexplained bruises or marks on their body, (some may refuse to change for PE)
  •  repeatedly comes to school without dinner money or a packed lunch
  • seems afraid to be alone and requires more adult interaction.


We ask families to share any concerns with us as part of our duty of care for their child and we will share our concerns with them to support all our community as effectively as possible.


This may mean that we as a school may need to help a child become aware of the impact of their behaviour/ attitudes or language on others and work with them over time to change.




To prevent bullying in our school we will:


Develop our wider curriculum to ensure:


  • All members of the school community feel listened to and valued through the integration of Restorative Approaches into all areas of school life.
  • All children and young people are clear about the roles they can take in preventing bullying,   including the role of bystanders.
  • A climate exists where bullying and violence are not tolerated
  • Develop peer support systems to prevent and respond to bullying
  • Promote safe play areas
  • Audit our site regularly to establish that children feel safe, especially known vulnerable areas
  • Ensure that staff model positive relationships at all times
  • Train all staff to identify and address bullying


Developing a whole school approach


At -------- school we work closely with members of the schools’ community to  ensure the involvement and participation of students, parents, staff, governors and the wider community as part of the development of policy related to supporting a positive ethos within the school.


Recording and reporting:


We maintain a system of data collection and analysis in relation to any reported incidents of bullying in school.  Termly feedback is made available for governors via the Headteacher report.


All staff will use the agreed reporting format to alert the HT/designated SLT member of any bullying related incidents.







Dealing with an Incident


The school community needs to be made aware that when a bullying incident, including cyber bullying, has come to the attention of adults in the school, it has been taken seriously and action has resulted


Although incidents may not be bullying they should always be followed up thoroughly by the school and dealt with appropriately.



Any incidents will be dealt with restoratively, where all parties needs and views are expressed and there is an opportunity for harm to be repaired'.



Safeguarding procedures will be followed when child protection concerns arise




Monitoring and evaluation:


We will check through a range of pupil voice, circle work and other activities, the experience our children have of our anti-bullying policy in relation to:


  • Being heard
  • Being able to report bullying and get help
  • Being confident in the school’s ability to deal with the bullying
  • Being aware that steps are taken to help them feel safe again
  • Being helped to rebuild confidence and resilience
  • Being aware of how they can get support from others


This overview, together with the data analysis, will be the starting point of the policy review and change in practice.





The governing body ratified this policy at their meeting.


This policy will be reviewed at least every two years after full consultation with children, parents, staff and governors.




Signed:                                                                      Chair of Governors   Date:                           


Links to other school policies:



This anti-bullying policy links to a range of policies/strategies, including:


Equalities and diversity policy

Behaviour policy

Care and control policy

PSHE policy

Safeguarding policy

Responsible Use policy

School Development plan

Restorative Approaches strategy





  • Frequently asked questions
  • Stockport’s Anti-bullying Charter
  • BSS Audit
  • Anti-bullying Checklist for schools
  • Organisations that can offer support






Frequently Asked Questions


Q: Should we prioritise tackling some types of bullying over others?

A: Immediate physical safety obviously comes first. All bullying, whatever the motivation or method, is unacceptable and should not be tolerated. Some issues will be more familiar to schools than others and this guidance points to other specialist organisations for further information about how to tackle specific types of bullying. Please see ‘Further Sources of Information’ at the end of this document.


Q: Should I discipline pupils for bullying outside the school?

A: Yes. If an incident of bullying outside the school premises is reported to the school, it is important that it is investigated and appropriate action is taken. This will send a strong signal to pupils that bullying will not be tolerated and perpetrators will be held to account.



Q: How can we involve parents more in our anti-bullying work?

A: Schools should talk to parents about their anti-bullying policy and make it available to them and prospective parents as part of their behaviour policy. Schools should ensure that parents know what measures are being taken to prevent bullying, as well as how incidents are responded to, and may also encourage positive messages about good behaviour and respect for others at home.


Q: Should I record incidents of bullying?

A: Staff should develop a consistent approach to monitoring bullying incidents in their school and evaluating whether their approach is effective. For some schools, that will mean recording incidents so that they can monitor incident numbers and identify where bullying is recurring between the same pupils.


DfE Preventing and tackling bullying


Advice for headteacher, staff and governing bodies

October 2014


For additional information and advice please click on the link below




Appendix 2 - A self-review tool for challenging bullying in schools


Description: CouncillogoDescription: New BSS Logo 2011





A self review tool for challenging bullying in schools


The following procedure can be used to gather evidence for the individual checklists then to create an anti-bullying action plan:


  •   Schools to make a floor plan of their school including grounds and leaving a space for outside school grounds.
  •   Teachers distribute one floor plan to each child.
  •   Teachers discuss the terms ‘unsafe’ and ‘safe’ with groups and what this means. Also discuss feelings associated with feeling like this.
  •   Children put a red dot on the plan for everywhere they feel unsafe and a green dot for everywhere they feel safe. Also put a red outside grounds if they feel unsafe anywhere on the way to or from school.
  •   Teachers to collate areas of concern within their own group discuss the reasons for this unsafe feeling and fill in the individual group self -review checklists (example pro forma following).
  •   In a staff meeting all staff collate individual audits and record action to be taken and when. (example pro forma following).


Description: New BSS Logo 2011Description: Councillogo

Individual group Anti-bullying Audit






Area of Concern    



Reasons given for concern























 Description: Councillogo

Description: New BSS Logo 2011 


Whole school  Anti-bullying Audit & Plan


Antibullying lead:


Area of Concern    





Reasons given for concern

Action to be taken

Date for action to be in place




























Anti-bullying checklist for schools–




In place

Partly in place

Not in place








A clear definition of bullying is included in our school policy






The definition of bullying is clearly understood by:


Children and young people








Our anti-bullying policy is in place and makes clear reference to:

Faith based bullying

Racist bullying

Homophobic bullying


Disability based bullying






Policy is reviewed bi-annually by Governing Body in consultation with school community






We have a Governor (or group) with a nominated responsibility for anti-bullying






Policy is communicated effectively to the school community using a range of methods eg: the school website, posters, newsletter, leaflets, logos around school












Children and young people are clear about how to report bullying in our school






Children and young people are confident to report bullying in school






We have clear structures in place which identify who deals with incidents of bullying that emerge in school






We have clear mechanisms in place for recording incidents of bullying






Records of bullying incidents include the support provided to:

The victim(s)

The bully






The Governors in our school are aware of the scale of bullying via reports from HT






Actions to challenge bullying behaviour are widely known by:


Children and young people








Our school includes restorative approaches in its toolkit to address bullying behaviour






Our school provides access to self-help resources for children and young people






Our school provides peer to peer support e.g.: playground buddies, peer mentoring etc.






Our school takes care to ensure that the improvement for the victim is sustained






Where necessary our school calls upon other services to support children (both the victim and the bully) involved in incidents, and may use CAF/TAC where appropriate












Our school challenges all verbal comments that could underpin a culture of bullying including:

Racist language

Homophobic language

Discriminatory language






We specifically teach sessions around:


Homophobic bullying

Racist bullying

Faith based bullying

Disability based bullying

(consider the following as options)

  • Delivering SEAL
  • PHSE
  • Assemblies







Cross curricular opportunities are taken






Our commitment to the anti-bullying agenda is visible to our whole school community  for example:

  • The website
  • Posters displayed around school
  • References in newsletter
  • Anti-bullying charter






Participate in national programmes eg: Anti-Bullying week












As a school we have robust procedures on place to find out how safe our children feel when they are in school






As a school we are clear that we know how safe children feel across our whole site (see anti-bullying audit provided by BSS)






As a school we have robust procedures in place to ensure that we know the perceptions parents have about how safe we keep their children












As a school we are confident that we act upon the perceptions of children and parents about how safe children feel in our school






We use information about trends in incidents of bullying to:

  • Inform curriculum amendments
  • Inform assembly structures
  • Inform staff training
  • Inform our School Improvement Plan






Our school has everything in place to prepare us for signing Stockport’s anti-bullying charter









Appendix 4 - Organisations that can offer Support





Anti Bullying Alliance

UK’s leading organisation in the field of bullying. Lots of resources and information on the website.

0207 843 1165

National Children’s Bureau, 8 Wakley Street, London



Fully interactive 3D anti-bullying website. Organises local and regional seminars for young people, and establishes cross-community anti-bullying partnerships for young people who are disadvantaged socially, economically, personally or culturally.

020 8768 1017

77-79 Church Road, London

SE19 2YA

BM Schools Out / LGBT History Month

Provides formal and informal support network for all people who want to raise profile of homophobia, transphobia and heterosexism in education. Campaigns on LGBT issues as they affect education and those in education.

020 7635 0476

National London, London WC1N 3XX

Bully Free Zone

Specialist anti-bullying charity offering help, support and information to children young people and families affected by bullying. Also work in partnership with schools and local authorities.


01204 454958

23 Palace Street, Bolton


Child Exploitation and Protection Online


Works across the UK supporting providing internet safety for children, young people and their families. Also delivers free education programmes – to children and young people, parents and professionals. “Polices” the internet.

0870 000 3344

33 Vauxhall Road, London SW1V 2WG



UK’s free 24 Helpline for children and young people to call about any worry – more calls on bullying than any other issue.

Also run CHIPS (Childline in Partnership with Schools) – they work closely with schools to help them set up effective support for pupils.


020 7650 3231

45 Folgate Street, London

E1 6GL

Helpline 0800 1111


Non profit organisation working with others to help make the internet a great and safe place for children. KnowITAll,, Kidsmart, Young people and the internet, Young people and social networking

0207 639 6967

Studio 14, Brockley Cross Business Centre, 96 Endwell Road, London SE4 2PD







LGBT Northwest

LGBT Youth North West is a regional organisation that seeks to support lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans young people  in the North West of England


National charity dedicated to preventing bullying and child sexual abuse. They work with young people under the age of 16, and their parents / carers, plus people who work with them.

Helpline for parents of children who’ve been bullied. Website info re keeping children safe. Assertiveness training for young people.


0207 730 3300

2 Grosvenor Gardens, London


Helpline 08451 205 204



UK’s leading learning disability charity. Provides support for young people who have a learning disability and their parents / carers. Running a campaign to stop the bullying of young people with a learning disability.

0207 696 6019

123 Golden Lane, London EC1Y 0RT


Works to end cruelty to children, and provides a range of direct services for children and young people, and for their parents / carers and families. 24 Freephone Helpline.

0207 650 6855

Weston House, 42 Curtain Road, London EC2A 3 NH

Helpline 0808 800 5000

Parentline Plus


Biggest independent provider of parenting support in the country – national charity. Free confidential 24 hour Helpline. Run groups and workshops – face to face and by telephone. Also a free text phone for people who are deaf, hard of hearing or have a speech impairment – 0800 783 6783

0207 824 5549

520 Highgate Studios, 53-79 Highgate Road, Kentish Town, London NW5 1TL

Helpline 0808 800 2222


Support schools prevent and tackle homophobic bullying and celebrate difference. Read more








Terence Higgins Trust

Set up in response to the HIV epidemic, and has been at the forefront of the fight against HIV and AIDS ever since. Provides a very side range of services, including support for young people with HIV / AIDS who are being bullied. Also emotional support via the telephone (Helpline).

0207 812 1600

314 – 320 Gray’s Inn Road, London WC1X 8DP Helpline 0845 1221 200

Think U Know

This is a site from CEOP for children and young people and practitioners to focus on how to stay safe on line

UK Safer Internet Centre

Works across the UK to provide support for children and staff.

They have a professionals helpline and useful resources to support safe and responsible use of the internet


professional’s online safety helpline

0844 381 4772

Victim Support

National charity for people affected by crime, including bullying. Free and confidential service. National Helpline, Victim Supportline, provides information, support and referral to local services.

0207 896 3769

Cranmer House, 39 Brixton Road, London SW9 6DZ

Helpline 0845 3030 900

Young Minds

National charity dedicated to improving the mental health of all babies, children and young people. Parents Information Service for anyone with concerns about the mental health of a child or young person. Wide range of publications covering issues affecting children, including bullying. Advice and support for young people contemplating self harm and suicide.

0207 336 1458

48-50 St John Street, Clerkenwell, London EC1M 4DG